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On semiconductor equipment (1) -- source and status of domestic semiconductor equipment論半導體設備(一)---國內半導體設備來源及狀況

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On semiconductor equipment (1) -- source and status of domestic semiconductor equipment論半導體設備(一)---國內半導體設備來源及狀況

發布日期:2018-01-04 作者:www.tonertimes.com/ 點擊:

美國對華技術出口管製以及成立"瓦森納安排",對中國的發展具有深層次的影響,即大大阻礙了中國加入全球生產體係。由於《瓦森納協定》的影響,中國采購新半導體設備的難度頗高,目前國內部份半導體設備幹法去膠機的采購均來自二手設備市場。

(一)、國內半導體設備的來源

(1)、半導體產品尺寸過渡

業內有這樣一種說法:一代設備,一代工藝,一代產品。而矽單晶直徑不斷增大,從2英寸,經過3英寸、4英寸、5英寸、6英寸、8英寸,現在已進入12英寸的年代。這樣小尺寸的生產設備就可能推向二手設備市場。

(2)、發達國家半導體設備的更新換代

      發達國家半導體技術比較先進,設備更新換代較快,之前的設備就可能流入我國二手設備市場。

(3)、工廠經營不善

      因工廠經營不善,而被其它公司兼並,原工廠的設備可能部分被賣掉,從而流入二手設備市場。

(4)、受半導體市場因素的影響等

幹法去膠機

(二)、國內二手半導體的設備的狀況

(1)、二手半導體設備的優勢

a、價格低

經翻修後的設備價格一般僅是新設備價格的三分之一,甚至更低。

b、高性能

       國內有許多高技術的設備翻新人材,部分設備經翻修後性能可達到原設備的水平,翻新後的設備具有很強的競爭力。

C、市場穩定,交貨快

       國內半導體設備商家,大多都有自己的設備倉庫及工廠,采購商可隨時谘詢,確定購買意向後,驗貨手續更簡便。

(2)、購買二手半導體設備的注意事項

a、設備的配置及性能

       在國內許多二手設備的功能配置並不齊全,有許多設備之前就被當作拆機件處理,這些設備一般都缺少配件。  購買時必須考慮,賣方是否有能力將設備調試至正常功能,性能是否能達到買方的要求。

b、後期維修

       購買二手設備雖然價格相對低廉,但風險卻相對增加,而且維修幾率大,後期維護成本高。購買時必須考慮賣方提供哪些服務,且是否有配品配件可供更換;購買後的維護工作不可能完全依賴賣方,買方一定要具備基本的維護能力。

       The U.S. technology export control to China and the establishment of the Wassenaar Arrangement have a profound impact on China's development, which greatly hinders China's accession to the global production system. Due to the influence of Wassenaar agreement, it is very difficult for China to purchase new semiconductor equipment. At present, the purchase of some domestic semiconductor equipment dry degumming machines is from the second-hand equipment market. 

(1) The source of domestic semiconductor equipment 

   (1). There is a saying in the semiconductor product size transition industry: one generation of equipment, one generation of process, one generation of product. And the diameter of silicon single crystal is increasing, from 2 inches, through 3 inches, 4 inches, 5 inches, 6 inches, 8 inches, now it has entered the age of 12 inches. In this way, small-scale production equipment may be pushed to the second-hand equipment market. 

   (2) . the upgrading of semiconductor equipment in developed countries. The semiconductor technology in developed countries is relatively advanced, and the upgrading of equipment is relatively fast. The previous equipment may flow into the second-hand equipment market in China. 

   (3) . poor operation of the factory. Due to the poor operation of the factory, it was merged by other companies, and some of the equipment of the original factory may be sold, thus flowing into the second-hand equipment market. 

   (4) , affected by semiconductor market factors, etc. 

   (2), the status of domestic second-hand semiconductor equipment 

   (1), the advantages of second-hand semiconductor equipment, 

    a. the price of equipment after renovation is generally only one third of the price of new equipment, or even lower. 

    b. High performance: there are many high-tech equipment refurbishment talents in China, some of which can reach the level of the original equipment after refurbishment, and the refurbished equipment has a strong competitiveness. 

    C. Stable market, fast delivery domestic semiconductor equipment manufacturers, most of them have their own equipment warehouses and factories, purchasers can consult at any time, determine the purchase intention, the inspection procedures are more simple. 

   (2) , precautions for purchasing second-hand semiconductor equipment 

   a. equipment configuration and performance. In China, many second-hand equipment are not fully equipped with functions. Many of them have been treated as disassembled parts before, and these equipment are generally lack of accessories. When purchasing, it must be considered whether the seller has the ability to debug the equipment to normal function and whether the performance can meet the requirements of the buyer. 

  b. Late maintenance purchase of second-hand equipment although the price is relatively low, but the risk is relatively increased, and maintenance probability is large, later maintenance cost is high. When purchasing, it is necessary to consider which services the seller provides and whether there are spare parts available for replacement; the maintenance work after purchase cannot completely depend on the seller, and the buyer must have basic maintenance ability.

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